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Contemporary socialists – "light" totalitarians in mindset and vocabulary – go wrong when they imagine that liberals are busily planning the perfect society, the best that is possible in the world, but of opposite sign to their own. [emphasis in original]1The reality is that there is no liberal Utopia. Liberalism and its modern-day progeny, libertarianism, are processes rather than destinations. In the same sense that the scientific process leads to the discovery of laws of nature, liberalism leads to the discovery of that society that best conforms to human values. Such a society defies planning, as planning implements the values of a small elite. It also stifles the wide-ranging experimentation – through trial and error – that is necessary to discover the institutions and businesses that are necessary in building a society that supports human values.
Of course, one may wonder, "What are human values?" I tend to think, as did Ludwig von Mises, that most people prefer prosperity over poverty, freedom over slavery, and life over death. There are, and always will be, predators who prey on those who live peacefully and productively. The latter will use freedom to create the cost-effective defenses that maximize the cost of predatory behavior, eventually discarding the unwieldy blunt instrument of the state.
What is needed then is a total commitment to the free market and its concomitant competition as discovery procedure by which society progresses. There can be no fear of unacceptable outcomes, as outcomes will reflect human values. Yes, in some areas of the world those outcomes might be repulsive to modern westerners, but eventual progress in those regions is not going to be accelerated by murdering, threatening, or lecturing the population.
What is most important is to embrace the idea that liberalism – the free (or freed) market – is the platform upon which progress depends. The end state defies prior description, but we can have confidence that it will conform to human values.
1Revel, Jean-François, Last Exit to Utopia, (2009 New York, Encounter Books), 54.